The Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA), part of the U.S. Department of Justice, is the highest administrative body for interpreting and applying immigration laws. It is located at the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) headquarters in Falls Church, Virginia.
The BIA hears appeals from decisions made by immigration judges and by district directors of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Moreover, the BIA is responsible for the recognition of organizations and accreditation of representatives requesting permission to practice before DHS, the immigration courts, and the BIA.
The BIA reviews decisions by immigration judges and has appellate jurisdiction over family-based immigrant petitions under INA § 204 (a) as well as orders of removal and applications for relief from removal, criminal immigration matters, and motions for reopening and reconsideration of decisions previously rendered. In most cases, if the BIA affirms the lower court’s decision, then you can still appeal in a U.S. Court of Appeals.